Non-stick cookware can easily become a cook’s best friend; all credit goes to its practicality. You don’t face messy food release and tiring clean-up each time you use good quality non-stick cookware.
Non-stick pots and pans offer impressive heat conduction, easy clean-up, and look good on your kitchen countertop. But! If there’s one thing bad about these pots and pans, it’s their deterioration over time.
Unlike steel and cast-iron cookware, you cannot use non-stick pans in your kitchen for years; they come with an expiry date.
However, telling if a non-stick pan is ruined or it can still prepare some meals for you is a bit tricky. You have to look for damage signs and determine if your favorite pan’s expiry date has arrived.
If you don’t know the right time to bin a non-stick pan/pot, we have got you covered. This guide is all about explaining the severity of damage signs in non-stick cookware.
Read on to know if yours needs to be pitched or there’s still hope!
How To Tell If Non-Stick Pan Is Ruined?
You cannot predict exactly when will a non-stick pan stop working and become toxic. You have to understand some damage signs and act accordingly. If your non-stick set is from a high-end brand, you’ll notice these ruining signs some years down the lane.
Contrarily, low-quality non-stick pans can deteriorate within months of usage and pose health risks if you don’t replace them.
So, you cannot put the finger on a timeline. Be vigilant of your non-stick pan’s well-being, and throw it away when things get messy. Here are the most crucial signs that’ll tell if your non-stick cookware is ruined.
Non-stick pans are supposed to keep food from sticking, not the opposite. However, even when your cookware is of top-notch quality, food can start sticking to it with time.
Several factors initiate this problem, and it only gets worse. The main culprits that alter a non-stick pan’s usability are metal utensils, detergents, and harsh cleaners. Sure, you’re careful while using metal tongs with a non-stick pan; they will still leave a trail behind.
And once a non-stick pan stops offering quick and easy food release, its days are counted. With regular seasoning, proper maintenance, and careful cleaning, you can protect the coating’s usability, but you cannot reverse the damage.
I have faced this problem with a Teflon pan that wouldn’t release food easily, even when I would add sufficient fats and used medium heat – that pan is lying in a recycling plant somewhere now.
The non-stick coating coming off is a serious problem; it only calls for a replacement. However, in some cases, this coating is intact, but the food still comes out discolored. This happens because of charred food particulate and stuck-on grease that didn’t go away when you cleaned the pan.
Although you can remove this residue build-up, it will require aggressive cleaning, and a non-stick pan cannot take that. Therefore, you should properly clean the non-stick pan after each use to avoid this problem in the future.
Discolored food is often the first symptom of a non-stick pan going bad; take care of it timely or get ready to bin the pan.
Metal warping is common in cookware. You cook something and put the hot pan straight in the sink. It poses sudden heat changes in the metal, eventually altering the pan’s structure.
Even though pan warping is not a serious issue (as long as the interiors are intact), it affects the pan’s practicality. When you put a warped metal pan on the stove, its center receives more heat than the sides. Another disadvantage of warped pans is that your food and grease slides to the sides, causing uneven cooking.
We can fix warping in stainless steel and cast-iron cookware, but it’s not doable with coated pans. The coating can come off from the metal surface if we hammer a coated pan’s exteriors (a common practice to fix warping). So if your non-stick pan has warped, you cannot regain its original form.
If regular usage or careless handling has damaged your pan’s handle, you cannot do much about it. Most non-stick pans come with oven-safe handles, which last as long as the pan does.
Be mindful that using a pan with a faulty handle can pose several risks. You can accidentally burn your skin while handling a hot pan, or the pan can turn upside down while you carry it around; be careful. If the handle is slightly damaged, using kitchen mitts will suffice. Otherwise, make room for a new pan.
When To Throw Away Non-stick Pans?
The appearance of slight damages to the non-stick coating or metal surface doesn’t mean you throw the pan right away. Some of these problems, i.e., discoloration, are pretty benign, and you can deal with them.
Whether to throw a non-stick pan should come into your consideration after it starts impacting your food’s quality. However, since we cannot test toxic fumes or chemical particles in the food, we still have to rely on the visible changes to decide a pan’s fate.
If you’re facing any of the below-listed problems with a non-stick pan, throw it away and get a new one!
Scratched Non-Stick Coating
If you treat scratches on a non-stick coating as regular wear and tear, you’re in the wrong. Teflon-coated pans aren’t like your usual steel or aluminum pans; small scratches on their surface can cause serious health risks in the future.
If your pan’s non-stick coating is scratched because of over-heating or careless handling, don’t continue cooking in it. Non-stick coatings contain PTFE and PFOA substances that release toxic fumes to your food when overheated.
Some studies show that cooking in a Teflon-coated pan can damage your health over time, especially when it is scratched.
Apart from causing the food to stick, scratches on a non-stick surface can also initiate bacterial growth in your cookware. So even if your non-stick pan is performing well, but its surface is heavily scratched, it’s time for a goodbye.
Teflon Flakes in the Food
Once the scratching process starts on a non-stick surface, it doesn’t stop. In fact, minor scratches turn into bigger flakes and start entering your food. Teflon flakes are harmful to your health; you should prevent this from happening at all costs. Apart from being potentially toxic, these flakes also ruin your food’s color and look.
If you see the non-stick coating’s flakes in your food despite regular cleaning and maintenance, you cannot do anything except replacing the pan.
Visible Metal Color
Sometimes there are no visible scratches on the non-stick coating, but it keeps wearing off with time. In addition, regular cleaning and temperature changes weaken the Teflon particles, eventually eroding the entire layer.
If some parts of your non-stick pan are coated and others seem bare, it means the coating isn’t intact. And since you can’t revive the pan’s original condition, you’ll have to throw it away.
If, however, the entire non-stick coating comes off from a pan (as it happens after sandblasting), you can use the non-coated pan for regular cooking – there won’t be any Teflon particles on it.
How Long Do Nonstick Pans Last?
The time a non-stick pan spends in your kitchen depends upon several factors – your culinary requirements and the pan’s material being the most important one.
When you first start using a non-stick pan, it has a slick surface to offer impressive food release and even heating. But with time, this coating stops performing as good and becomes quite insignificant with time.
If you have a high-quality non-stick pan and take care of its well-being, it will last in your kitchen for 3-5 years.
Regular seasoning and careful cleaning are the two most important factors that determine a non-stick pan’s usability.
On the flip side, low-quality and poorly maintained non-stick pans can break within months of regular usage.
So, quality and care are the two factors that will decide if your non-stick pan will be a reliable option in your kitchen or not!
Can You Repair Your Non-stick Pan?
No, once a non-stick pan is damaged, reviving its previous form is hard. Unless you approach a cookware manufacturer and ask them to re-coat your scratched/cracked pan, any kind of repair will not be possible.
You can season a non-stick pan to improve its performance, but it’s not a permanent cure. The only thing you can do to ensure your non-stick pan lives longer is to provide it with proper upkeep.
But when there is damage, bin it, and move on!
Is It Ok To Use Scratched Non-stick Pans?
Using a scratched non-stick pan is never a safe practice. Tiny Teflon and metal particles from these scratches can enter your food and ruin its quality.
Moreover, food release is messy with scratched pans because the coating works well as a unit, not with slits in between.
So, avoid using a scratched non-stick pan if you don’t want toxins leaching into your food!
Using non-stick cookware is a real treat. You don’t have to worry about food sticking to the pan’s bottom and leaving a mess for you to clean.
However, your non-stick pan doesn’t always perform well enough. A time comes when you should replace it. The above-listed signs will help you identify when a non-stick is ruined and when you should throw it.
If your non-stick pan is heavily scratched or flaked, stop using it. Get a new pan and save your food from potentially harmful chemicals present in a flaky Teflon coating.